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Divorced? Update Your Retirement Plan Beneficiaries
Too often, this one detail is overlooked following a marital breakup.
Posted August 17, 2012
We’ve all heard that half the marriages in the United States end in divorce. An accurate rate of divorce is difficult to get because those statistics are gathered by different groups and are not comprehensive. Regardless, divorce is certainly common.
Individuals who have retirement plans almost always will name a beneficiary to receive the funds upon death. For a married individual who has an employer plan such as a 401(k) or pension plan, his spouse must be named as the beneficiary unless the spouse consents to naming someone else. This is the rule regardless of what state they live in.
For a married person who has an IRA, his spouse generally does not have to be named as IRA beneficiary and spousal consent is not generally needed. Exceptions apply for community property states such as Texas, California, and a few others.
After a person gets divorced, oftentimes the retirement plan owner forgets to change the beneficiary. In other words, the now ex-spouse is still the named beneficiary because the owner never changed it. Upon the death of the retirement plan owner, surviving family members are often surprised to find out that the ex-spouse is the named beneficiary. These family members assume that the ex-spouse will not receive the retirement funds because of the divorce. Unfortunately, in most cases, the courts have ruled that the ex-spouse is entitled to the funds despite the divorce.
The easy way to avoid this situation and potential litigation by disgruntled family members is to simply update the retirement plan beneficiary form. Ideally, the individual’s attorney or financial advisor should tell the owner, immediately after the divorce, to change the beneficiary of their retirement plan. This requires contacting the plan administrator of the employer.
Ed Slott and Company has been called "The Best" source for IRA advice by The Wall Street Journal, and "America's IRA Experts" by Mutual Funds Magazine. Ed is a widely recognized professional speaker and author. Get more IRA information from America's IRA Experts.